Ovarian Cysts

May-Grant Obstetrics & Gynecology -  - Obstetrics

May-Grant Obstetrics & Gynecology

Obstetrics & Gynecology located throughout Lancaster & Lebanon Counties, PA

Ovarian cysts are very common, but in most cases, they resolve painlessly, and you never know you had one. However, around 8% of women develop large cysts that need medical treatment. The team at May-Grant Obstetrics & Gynecology diagnose and treat ovarian cysts at their offices in Lancaster, Elizabethtown, Columbia, Ephrata, Intercourse, Willow Street, and Lebanon, Pennsylvania. If you have symptoms such as abnormal vaginal bleeding and pelvic pain, call May-Grant Obstetrics & Gynecology or make an appointment online today.

Ovarian Cysts Q & A

What are Ovarian Cysts?

Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that develop in or on your ovaries. There are two prevalent types of ovarian cysts: Follicle cysts and corpus luteum cysts.

  • Follicle Cysts: Your ovaries form small cysts every month as they prepare to release an egg. In most cases, these cysts break when your ovary releases the egg, and the tissue is absorbed back into your body. However, in some cases, the follicle doesn’t burst and continues to grow. Follicular cysts typically don’t cause any symptoms and disappear on their own within three months.
  • Corpus Luteum Cysts: Corpus luteum cysts form when a follicular cyst isn’t absorbed into your ovary after it releases an egg, but instead seals itself and fills with fluid. Like follicular cysts, in most situations, a corpus luteum cyst goes away on its own after a couple of weeks, but they can continue to grow, bleed, or contort your ovary.

 

What are the Symptoms of Ovarian Cysts?

Most cysts don’t cause symptoms, but if you have an ovarian cyst that continues to grow, it can cause pelvic pain, abdominal bloating, and irregular vaginal bleeding. If you develop sudden and severe pelvic pain, a fever, and vomiting, you should seek immediate medical attention.

How are Ovarian Cysts Diagnosed?

The team at May-Grant Obstetrics & Gynecology use pelvic exams and diagnostic testing to identify ovarian cysts. For example, during a standard pelvic exam, your doctor feels your ovaries for abnormalities. They may also use an ultrasound to examine your ovaries or a blood test to check for signs of proteins that increase when you have ovarian cysts.

In some cases, your doctor may perform a minimally invasive surgical procedure called laparoscopy to examine your ovaries, and if necessary, remove the cyst.

How are Ovarian Cysts Treated?

Your gynecologist at May-Grant Obstetrics & Gynecology may suggest waiting and watching your ovarian cyst to see if it goes away on its own. They might also prescribe medication such as oral contraceptives to prevent cysts from forming. If your ovarian cyst is large and causing disruptive symptoms, your doctor may recommend surgery to remove the cyst.

Call May-Grant Obstetrics & Gynecology or schedule a consultation online today for expert gynecological care including diagnosis and treatment for ovarian cysts.