May-Grant Obstetrics & Gynecology -  - Obstetrics

May-Grant Obstetrics & Gynecology

Obstetrics & Gynecology located throughout Lancaster & Lebanon Counties, PA

When you have abnormal Pap smear results, your gynecologist may recommend a colposcopy to examine your cervix in more detail and diagnose what condition caused your irregular results. With offices located throughout eastern Pennsylvania in Lancaster, Elizabethtown, Columbia, Ephrata, Intercourse, Willow Street, Lititz and Lebanon, May-Grant Obstetrics & Gynecology offers convenient and compassionate women’s health care services including colposcopy. Call or make an appointment online today.

Colposcopy Q & A

What is a Colposcopy?

Colposcopy is a gynecological procedure that allows your gynecologist to examine your cervix, vagina, and vulva. A colposcope is a magnifying instrument that your doctor positions outside of your body and looks through for a detailed view of your genitals. Your gynecologist may choose to perform a biopsy to take a sample of cells for further analysis during a colposcopy.

Why Would I Need a Colposcopy?

The gynecologists at May-Grant Obstetrics & Gynecology use colposcopy to gather more information after you have abnormal Pap smear results. While irregular Pap results can be worrying because it tests for cervical cancer, in most cases it doesn’t indicate cancer. Some of the most common reasons for abnormal Pap smear results include:

  • Inflammation
  • Infection
  • Herpes
  • Human papillomavirus (HPV)
  • Trichomoniasis


It’s also possible that your abnormal Pap smear results indicate precancerous or cancerous cells. The team at May-Grant Obstetrics & Gynecology perform a colposcopy to identify the cause of your abnormal results and create a treatment plan to restore your health.

How Should I Prepare for Colposcopy?

You prepare for a colposcopy the same way you would for a Pap smear. You should avoid putting anything into your vagina for a day or two before your procedure, including tampons and vaginal medicines or creams. You should also abstain from vaginal intercourse for a couple of days before your procedure.

What Happens During a Colposcopy?

During your colposcopy, you lie on a treatment table with your feet in stirrups, much like when you have a Pap smear. Your gynecologist inserts a speculum into your vagina to hold it open and provide a clear view of your cervix.

Your doctor may swab your cervix with a vinegar solution, which may sting for a moment. The solution cleans your cervix and turns a white color that is easier to see.

Then, your doctor positions the colposcope outside of your body. They look through the colposcope and study a magnified view of your cervix and vaginal tissue. If your doctor sees any abnormalities, they may perform a biopsy to collect cells for more thorough analysis.

After your colposcopy, you can get right back to your regular activities. If you have a biopsy, you may experience some spotting for a day or so after your procedure.

If you’ve had abnormal Pap smear results and need a colposcopy, call May-Grant Obstetrics & Gynecology or make an appointment online today.